What should Nephrotic syndrome patients eat?
The diet of nephrotic syndrome should be scientific and reasonable. For patients with nephrotic syndrome, there are a large number of proteins in urine, resulting in hypoalbuminemia and hypercholesterolemia due to long-term protein excretion with urine. In view of the above situation, the diet choice of nephrotic syndrome should be high calorie, high protein, low fat, low sodium, high calcium and rich in vitamins.
Some patients with nephrotic syndrome often have poor appetite, do not want to eat, and cannot be replenished with high protein and high calorie. Therefore, the food should be cooked more carefully and pay attention to the color, aroma and taste of food. Reduce food volume and improve quality to meet the requirements of nutritional therapy for kidney disease.
Nephrotic syndrome should pay attention to its own health, find out the disease and treat it in time. Therefore, patients with nephrotic syndrome should maintain enough heat energy to restore their health, can supply high carbohydrate, and can eat candied fruit or glucose in addition to rice and noodles. In order to supplement the lost protein and maintain growth and development, protein should be supplied at 3 - 5g / kg body weight, and the ratio of animal protein to plant protein should be 0.5. Fat should be absorbed from vegetable oil, oleomargarine and other plant foods.
Patients with nephrotic syndrome can be more fruits and vegetables, which is good for the treatment of diseases. Because fruits and vegetables contain pectin and cellulose, whose long-term use can reduce cholesterol. The amount of salt required in the diet can refer to the amount in the diet for acute Nephritis.
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