Common complications of Nephrotic syndrome
1. One of the complications of nephrotic syndrome: Our patients with nephrotic syndrome will have symptoms of decreased plasma protein, which will affect antibody formation. The use of adrenocortical hormone and cytotoxic drugs has reduced the patient's body immunity and the patient is prone to infection, such as skin infection, primary peritonitis, respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection and even septicemia.
2. Coronary heart disease and thrombosis will also become complications for patients with nephrotic syndrome. It is understood that the incidence of myocardial infarction in patients with nephrotic syndrome in life is 8 times higher than that in normal people. Patients with nephrotic syndrome are prone to thrombosis, especially membranous nephropathy, which can reach 25 % ~ 40 %.
3. Complications of nephrotic syndrome include acute renal failure. Experts introduced to us that our patients are usually in a state of low blood volume and hypercoagulability due to massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia and hyperlipidemia. Acute renal failure can be caused by vomiting, diarrhea, the use of antihypertensive drugs and diuretics. In addition, renal interstitial edema and tubular blockage caused by protein concentration in nephrotic syndrome can also induce acute renal failure.
4. Patients with nephrotic syndrome will also have electrolyte and metabolic disorders. Experts say this is mainly due to patients using diuretics for a long time or unreasonably banning salt for a long time, using adrenocortical hormone and a large number of diuretics to cause a large amount of urination. If potassium is not replenished in time, hypokalemia will easily occur.
Article by : Peking Tung Shin Tang Chinese Medical Hospital
Tag: nephrotic syndrome,complications, plasma protein