How do diabetic nephropathy patients protect their kidneys
For diabetic patients, how to protect their kidneys
First of all, blood samples of Diabetes should be effectively controlled. High-calorie and high-fat foods should not be eaten, while some professions that have more social parties, eat more and exercise less should pay attention to controlling their diets, they need to take time to do some small exercises and exercises within your power, burn excess calory, and you must persevere for a long time.
Secondly, we must eat and drink under the guidance of diabetes professional doctors, and it must strictly and for a long time. Dietary treatment is not only beneficial to reducing weight, improving hyperglycemia and lipid metabolism disorder, but also reducing the dosage of hypoglycemic drugs. Dietary treatment includes the formulation of total calories, carbohydrate content, protein and fat ratio, etc.
Finally, oral hypoglycemic drugs. Agent for promoting insulin secretion. ( 3 ) sulfonylurea drugs: There are methylsulfonylurea, glibenclamide, glipizide, gliquidone, etc. Characteristics: Patients should have more than 30% of the functional islet blood cells in their bodies. The effect of glucose lowering is significant and long-lasting, but it is easy to have hypoglycemia. Glinides: There are repaglinide, nateglinide, etc. Characteristics: Fast action, short duration, mainly reducing postprandial blood sugar. Biguanide: Metformin. Characteristics: Lowering blood sugar and reducing weight at the same time is the first choice of medication for type ii diabetes mellitus patients with obesity.
Insulin therapy. Insulin is effective in treating type I diabetes and type ii diabetes. Every patient who uses insulin therapy must understand the type and characteristics of insulin he uses, and only by using the correct method can he achieve the ideal therapeutic effect.
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